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Chopin wrote preludes only, without the greater intricacy of accompanying fugues, resulting in 24 individual pieces that were published together in Chopin had already used this key in the tenth of his preludes, but he apparently judged that he had something more to say with these particular chords and harmonies. Another prelude Presto con leggierezza in A-flat Major, No. Certainly, Chopin gave it much more space for varied expression than the almost cursory scope of Prelude No.

Parts, Versions, Transpositions

A 27th prelude, in the key of E-flat minor, also exists, though in incomplete form. Consisting of a single remarkably untidily scrawled page, this very short prelude sets a restless right hand melody against a turbulent left hand accompaniment dominated by frequent prolonged trills. Chopin never finished the little piece, nor even troubled himself to recopy it in fully legible form, a task that fell to Jeffrey Kallberg, professor of music history at the University of Pennsylvania.


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  • Chopin Preludes, Op. 28.
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The ordering of the Op. The pairings amused Chopin and some music scholars, though the casual listener need only attend to the fact that there are shifts of contrast and tempo allowing for maximum musical variety, even though all this music is produced by a single pair of hands. A list of the individual preludes follows, along with the titles and descriptors assigned to each by pianists Hans von Bulow and Alfred-Denis Cortot :.

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Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Cantata "Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben". Chorale 1 - Aus meines Herzens Grunde. Chorale 4 - Es ist das Heil uns kommen her. Chorale 5 - An Wasserflussen Babylon.

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Chorale 6 - Christus, der ist mein Leben. Chorale 8 - Freuet euch, ihr Christen alle. Chorale 9 - Ermuntre dich, mein schwacher Geist. Chorale 11 - Jesu, nun sei gepreiset.

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Chorale 12 - Puer natus in Bethlehem. Chorale 13 - Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ. Even though this entire allemande contains only two 4-note chords five other chords consist of 3 notes , the establishment of the 4-voice idea at the start makes us sense that all four voices are with us throughout the movement.

One unexpected bit of free-form, improvisatory writing in this Allemande occurs on beats 3 and 4 in measure 9; here he takes a D -A tritone and ties it directly into a beautiful and virtuosic scale-wise run of 32nd notes — a very exciting and unexpected display. An interesting technique Bach employs in this movement is the use of a four-note descending scale motive as a cadence point, as in measure 4 beat 3; this one leads to the 2-note chord on beat 4 , measure 6 beat 3; we hear the mordent on the G eighth note to feel the sense of A-G-F -E , measure 14 beat 3 , measure 20 beat 1 , and measure 22, beat 1.

From the 3-note chord on beat 1 of measure 2 we sense a 3-voice structure; musical arrival points throughout the movement are marked by 2- or 3-note chordal writing measures 6, 18, 21 — just a sixteenth note double stop here!

Of note are the rollicking passages of bariolage bowing a back and forth alternating of strings for coloristic effect in measures 7, 9, 13, 14, 15, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, and Listeners and performers alike must catch their breath after this movement before continuing with the poignant Sarabande! This Sarabande is the emotional centerpiece of the entire suite, bringing us back to the deep, dark, rich, and personal feeling of the Prelude.

The tone of the movement is somber, and the emotional content is as meaningful as we experience anywhere in the suites. The first half of this movement consists of three 4-measure phrases; the 1st two of these phrases are rhythmically nearly identical. Phrase one establishes the tone and character of our d minor key center and brings us to a V chord, flowing back to d minor at the start of measure 5.

Guide Prelude, Op. 28, No. 12 in G-sharp Minor

The 2nd phrase begins much like measure one the only difference is that the 2nd phrase begins with a rich 3-note chord - a first inversion d minor, with a deep low F in the bass , and in the course of its 4 measures takes us to F Major, the relative major of d minor. The 3rd phrase stays in F Major and ends with a perfect cadence in that key measure 12 consists solely of a simple quarter note high F, followed by a half note low F.

In fact, we do experience g minor in a very full, clear way when we arrive at the downbeat of measure Measures 20, through mostly 8th note melodic writing no chords, but a clear sense of multi-voiced conversation prevails , take us to an A-7 chord, the dominant 7th of d minor. Then, a beautiful and dramatic surprise: we experience a deceptive cadence on measure 21 the A-7 chord in measure 20 brings us not to d minor but to B-flat Major.