LOG IN. Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reviewed by:. Additional Information. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
One of the greatest American writers, and a Minnesota native, wrote a letter to his daughter in encouraging her to keep at her writing. We find his sound advice encouraging even eighty years later.
If you have anything to say, anything you feel nobody has ever said before, you have got to feel it so desperately that you will find some way to say it that nobody has ever found before, so that the thing you have to say and the way of saying it blend as one matter—as indissolubly as if they were conceived together. Her elegant and simple phrasing carries a complexity that rings true in the hearts of many dissatisfied writers. Our last piece of encouragement, from Roald Dahl , shows that although all writers are different, they do come from the same mold. In other words, you must be able to stick to what you are doing and never give up, for hour after hour, day after day, week after week and month after month.
What are some of your favorite writers who write about writing?
Gail Carson Levine New on the site
Let us know in the comments! I love Anne Lamott! Tweet Buffer. Subscribe to the blog. If the writers' purpose in re-writing the play is to produce a film, they will have to prepare a screenplay. Shakespeare's plays, for example, while still regularly performed in the original form, are often adapted and abridged, especially for the cinema. An example of a creative modern adaptation of a play that nonetheless used the original writer's words, is Baz Luhrmann 's version of Romeo and Juliet.
Tom Stoppard 's play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead is a play inspired by Shakespeare's Hamlet that takes two of Shakespeare's most minor characters and creates a new play in which they are the protagonists. Player : It's what the actors do best. They have to exploit whatever talent is given to them, and their talent is dying.
They can die heroically, comically, ironically, slowly, suddenly, disgustingly, charmingly or from a great height. Screenwriters write a screenplay — or script — that provides the words for media productions such as films, television programs and video games. Screenwriters may start their careers by writing the screenplay speculatively ; that is, they write a script with no advance payment, solicitation or contract.
On the other hand, they may be employed or commissioned to adapt the work of a playwright or novelist or other writer. Self-employed writers who are paid by contract to write are known as freelancers and screenwriters often work under this type of arrangement. Screenwriters, playwrights and other writers are inspired by the great themes and often use similar and familiar plot devices to explore them.
For example, in Shakespeare's Hamlet is a "play within a play", which the hero uses to demonstrate the king's guilt.
Hamlet gains the co-operation of the actors to set up the play as a thing "wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king". A speechwriter prepares the text for a speech to be given before a group or crowd on a specific occasion and for a specific purpose. They are often intended to be persuasive or inspiring, such as the speeches given by skilled orators like Cicero ; charismatic or influential political leaders like Nelson Mandela ; or for use in a court of law or parliament.
The writer of the speech may be the person intended to deliver it, or it might be prepared by a person hired for the task on behalf of someone else. Such is the case when speechwriters are employed by many senior-level elected officials and executives in both government and private sectors. Biographers write an account of another person's life. Richard Ellmann — , for example, was an eminent and award-winning biographer whose work focused on the Irish writers James Joyce , William Butler Yeats , and Oscar Wilde.
For the Wilde biography, he won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography.
Critics consider and assess the extent to which a work succeeds in its purpose. The work under consideration may be literary, theatrical, musical, artistic, or architectural. In assessing the success of a work, the critic takes account of why it was done — for example, why a text was written, for whom, in what style, and under what circumstances. After making such an assessment, critics write and publish their evaluation, adding the value of their scholarship and thinking to substantiate any opinion.
The theory of criticism is an area of study in itself: a good critic understands and is able to incorporate the theory behind the work they are evaluating into their assessment. For example, they might be novelists or essayists. Some critics are poor writers and produce only superficial or unsubstantiated work.
Hence, while anyone can be an uninformed critic, the notable characteristics of a good critic are understanding, insight, and an ability to write well. We can claim with at least as much accuracy as a well-known writer claims of his little books, that no newspaper would dare print what we have to say. Are we going to be very cruel and abusive, then?
By no means: on the contrary, we are going to be impartial. We have no friends — that is a great thing — and no enemies. Charles Baudelaire , introducing his Review of the Paris Salon of . An editor prepares literary material for publication. The material may be the editor's own original work but more commonly, an editor works with the material of one or more other people. There are different types of editor. On the other hand, an editor may suggest or undertake significant changes to a text to improve its readability, sense or structure.
This latter type of editor can go so far as to excise some parts of the text, add new parts, or restructure the whole. The work of editors of ancient texts or manuscripts or collections of works results in differing editions. For example, there are many editions of Shakespeare 's plays by notable editors who also contribute original introductions to the resulting publication. Encyclopaedists create organised bodies of knowledge. Essayists write essays, which are original pieces of writing of moderate length in which the author makes a case in support of an opinion.
They are usually in prose , but some writers have used poetry to present their argument. A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past and is regarded as an authority on it. Professional historians typically work in colleges and universities, archival centers, government agencies, museums, and as freelance writers and consultants. Writers who create dictionaries are called lexicographers.
One of the most famous is Samuel Johnson — , whose Dictionary of the English Language was regarded not only as a great personal scholarly achievement but was also dictionary of such pre-eminence, that would have been referred to by such writers as Jane Austen. Researchers and scholars who write about their discoveries and ideas sometimes have profound effects on society. Scientists and philosophers are good examples because their new ideas can revolutionise the way people think and how they behave. Three of the best known examples of such a revolutionary effect are Nicolaus Copernicus , who wrote De revolutionibus orbium coelestium ; Charles Darwin , who wrote On the Origin of Species ; and Sigmund Freud , who wrote The Interpretation of Dreams These three highly influential, and initially very controversial, works changed the way people understood their place in the world.
Copernicus's heliocentric view of the cosmos displaced humans from their previously accepted place at the centre of the universe; Darwin's evolutionary theory placed humans firmly within, as opposed to above, the order of nature; and Freud's ideas about the power of the unconscious mind overcame the belief that humans were consciously in control of all their own actions. Translators have the task of finding some equivalence in another language to a writer's meaning, intention and style. Difficulties with translation are exacerbated when words or phrases incorporate rhymes, rhythms, or puns ; or when they have connotations in one language that are non-existent in another.
For example, the title of Le Grand Meaulnes by Alain-Fournier is supposedly untranslatable because "no English adjective will convey all the shades of meaning that can be read into the simple [French] word 'grand' which takes on overtones as the story progresses. It is highly critical for the translator to deliver the right information as a drastic impact could be caused if any error occurred. Even if translation is impossible — we have no choice but to do it: to take the next step and start translating. The translator's task is to make us either forget or else enjoy the difference.
Robert Dessaix , translator, author . Writers of blogs, which have appeared on the World Wide Web since the s, need no authorisation to be published. The contents of these short opinion pieces or "posts" form a commentary on issues of specific interest to readers who can use the same technology to interact with the author, with an immediacy hitherto impossible. The ability to link to other sites means that some blog writers — and their writing — may become suddenly and unpredictably popular. Malala Yousafzai , a young Pakistani education activist, rose to prominence because of her blog for BBC.
A blog writer is using the technology to create a message that is in some ways like a newsletter and in other ways, like a personal letter. Columnists write regular pieces for newspapers and other periodicals, usually containing a lively and entertaining expression of opinion. Some columnists have had collections of their best work published as a collection in a book, so that readers can re-read what would otherwise be no longer available.
Columns are quite short pieces of writing so columnists often write in other genres as well.
2015 Winter Book Reviews
An example is the columnist Elizabeth Farrelly , who besides being a columnist, is also an architecture critic and author of books. Writers who record their experiences, thoughts or feelings in a sequential form over a period of time in a diary are known as diarists. Their writings can provide valuable insights into historical periods, specific events or individual personalities. Examples include Samuel Pepys — , an English administrator and Member of Parliament, whose detailed private diary provides eyewitness accounts of events during the 17th century, most notably of the Great Fire of London.
Anne Frank — was a year-old girl whose diary from to records both her experiences as a persecuted Jew in World War II and an adolescent dealing with intra-family relationships. Journalists write reports about current events after investigating them and gathering information. Some journalists write reports about predictable or scheduled events such as social or political meetings.
New on the site
Others are investigative journalists who need to undertake considerable research and analysis in order to write an explanation or account of something complex that was hitherto unknown or not understood. Often investigative journalists are reporting criminal or corrupt activity which puts them at risk personally and means that what it is likely that attempts may be made to attack or suppress what they write. An example is Bob Woodward , a journalist who investigated and wrote about criminal activities by the US President. Geoffrey Barker, journalist.
Writers of memoirs produce accounts from the memories of their own lives, which are deemed unusual, important, or scandalous enough to be of interest to general readers.